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After having received several requests for information on the subject, here’s a brief answer.
Psychoanalytic training in Madrid, like everywhere else in the world, takes place in a psychoanalytical institute that belongs to a psychoanalytical society.
There are a number of psychoanalytical associations and societies in Spain, but only two that are Component Societies of the International Psychoanalytical Association (IPA) : the Sociedad Española de Psicoanálisis (SEP), in Barcelona, and the Asociación Psicoanalítica de Madrid (APM), in Madrid, with representatives also in Valencia and Bilbao.
The IPA was founded by Freud in 1910 (see history of the IPA) and federates more than 110 Component Societies in the world, each of them with their own Training Institute. In the English-speaking world, there are 44 societies distributed between the UK, Canada, Australia and the USA. The IPA guarantees that its Component Societies, and their Training Institutes, uphold the highest ethical, scientific and professional standards, and makes sure they function optimally.
Although there are slight differences in training between the different Institutes, IPA training worldwide is based on three fundamental pillars: personal analysis, supervised clinical work, and theoretical seminars. Their specific implementation depends on the cultural and theoretical references of each country; in order not to extend ourselves too much we’ll limit this to describing how it takes place in Madrid.
This film outlines the main discoveries and findings of psychoanalysis, founded by Sigmund Freud, about the structure and functioning of the psyche, and about the nature of mental illness and of psychological disturbances in general.
It’s presented by Otto Kernberg, possibly the most well-know psychoanalyst alive, who has often come to teach psychoanalysis in Madrid. He is a professor of psychiatry at Cornell University Medical School, Training Analyst at Columbia University Centre for Psychoanalytic Training and Research, and also the director of the Institute for the Study of Personality Disorders at Cornell University.
This film is divided into the following five main points, which are briefly summarized here below.
Three clinical cases to understand basic concepts of psychoanalysis:
- Depressive –– young woman who had problems in her relationships with men, deeply worried about people being critical of her, suffered from chronic sense of insecurity.
- Obsessive-compulsive –– young man, excessively friendly, perfectionistic, tense with people in authority, tended to submit to them and then exploded when he felt dominated,
- Oedipal constellation –– young man who loved his girlfriend very much, but he was unable to function sexually with her, he had serious sexual inhibitions that he did not have with women with whom he had casual sex.
The dynamic nature of the mind:
- In the first case, the main defence mechanism is projection –– attributing to others her own feelings.
- In the second case, the main defence mechanism is reaction formation –– development of behaviour opposite to what one feels.
- In the third case, the main defence mechanism is repression of sexual feelings towards who he loves and splitting –– separating sexual feelings from love.